In-Text Citations

Score Sheet – Worth 2 points (1 in Background Research and 1 in References), scored by HSTA Teacher

  • Background information was referenced using correct in-text APA citations for four sources.
  • References slide had ONLY in-text citations that were included as full references.


  1. When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation. This means that the author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text.
    • For example, (Parrish & Linder-VanBerschot, 2010), and a complete reference should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.
    • Multicultural instruction is an important tool in the classroom, however it is often difficult to incorporate. (Parrish & Linder- Vanberschot, 2010)
  2. When citing 2 to 5 authors, list all the authors’ last names with the ampersand (&) between the last 2 author’s names. (Kernis, Cornell, Sun, Berry, & Harlow, 2014)
  3. When citing 6 or more authors, use the first author’s name followed by et al. (Harris et al., 2009)
  4. If “Anonymous” is used by the author, treat it as the author’s last name. On the Reference list, use Anonymous as the author. (Anonymous, 2012)
  5. If the author is an organization or a government agency, cite the organization as the author. (American Psychological Association, 2015)
  6. If the work does not have an author, cite the source by its title.
  7. Titles of books and reports are italicized or underlined. (Report on Lung Cancer in WV, 2010)
  8. Titles of articles, chapters, and web pages are in quotation marks. (“High Blood Pressure in Youth”, 2005)
  9. If the work does not have a date, use the abbreviation n.d, which stands for no date. (Tips to help you organize, n.d.)
  10. Once again, make sure that every in-text citation is also listed on your reference list.